Why Land Rights Should Be On The Rio+20 Agenda
This article from the World Resources Institute discusses the importance of land rights in creating strong incentives for sustainable land management and this issue's conspicuous absence from the Rio +20 agenda.
Why Strong Land Rights Are Important
Strong land rights are linked to improved agricultural production, poverty reduction, and economic growth. In an assessment of 129 countries, the Property Rights Alliance, a US-based advocacy group, found that nations in the top 20 percent of the International Property Rights Index enjoyed an average per capita income that was eight times higher than those in the bottom 20 percent (see box below).
Strong property rights help rural people hold onto their land and natural resources when threatened with loss of access or expropriation. Secure tenure also incentivizes sound land and environmental management because landholders have confidence that they’ll reap the benefits from those investments. These benefits are central to improving local well-being and achieving sustainable development
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