Farmers, ranchers, and foresters are managing an increasingly complex and interrelated set of challenges: a growing population to feed, a changing climate, and the loss of ecosystem integrity. Addressing these issues requires collaboration among the agriculture, forestry and conservation sectors.
Local knowledge is proving a valuable starting point in adapting Ethiopian farming systems to climate change and ensuring greater productivity to combat food insecurity.
A new technical paper by the World Agroforestry Centre analyses what farmers in the highlands of Ethiopia currently know about ecosystem processes and the interactions between trees, crops and livestock. The aim is to use this information to guide interventions that will build more intensive and climate-resilient systems.
How can the world adequately feed more than 9 billion people by 2050 in a manner that advances economic development and reduces pressure on the environment?
Rural development issues are critical not only for the rural areas themselves but also for addressing pressing global concerns of food security (FS), climate change, biodiversity conservation, poverty reduction, provision of environmental goods and services, and good governance. Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) has been a rural development strategy for over 30 years.
This sourcebook has two purposes. The first is to provide a selection of evaluation tools and change mechanisms for collaborative groups to consider and use. The second is tostimulate discussion of evaluation and adaptation in collaborative resource management. Collaborative resource management and adaptive management are not new concepts, but experience has not caught up to theory, and there is much to learn from the rapidly evolving efforts underway.
At present the majority of tree planting in Africa focuses on monotypic stands of non-native species, which offer limited added value in terms of biodiversity or socioeconomic opportunities.