The global water system is inherently complex and faces increasing dynamic and sometimes unpredictable changes linked to global-to-local economic, social and environmental changes. Increased social and biophysical resilience will need to build on enhanced understanding of biophysical and social systems undergoing rapid change. Improved societal capacity to deal with these changes need to capitalize on for example strengthened cooperation across sectors.
Local knowledge is proving a valuable starting point in adapting Ethiopian farming systems to climate change and ensuring greater productivity to combat food insecurity.
A new technical paper by the World Agroforestry Centre analyses what farmers in the highlands of Ethiopia currently know about ecosystem processes and the interactions between trees, crops and livestock. The aim is to use this information to guide interventions that will build more intensive and climate-resilient systems.
"The change starts from those who are affected by the problem being around the table with those who want to experiment research and deliver options for development, sitting as equal partners." (Dr. Lindiwe Majele Sibanda)
The world's soil is in trouble. Ecologists say without dramatic changes to how we manage land, vast swathes of grassland are at risk of turning into hard-packed desert. To make sure that doesn't happen, researchers are testing out innovative ways to keep moisture in the soil.
This sourcebook has two purposes. The first is to provide a selection of evaluation tools and change mechanisms for collaborative groups to consider and use. The second is tostimulate discussion of evaluation and adaptation in collaborative resource management. Collaborative resource management and adaptive management are not new concepts, but experience has not caught up to theory, and there is much to learn from the rapidly evolving efforts underway.
A United Nations-backed project in Kenya is protecting forests and wildlife, as well as providing alternative livelihoods, and offers valuable lessons on how governments and the private sector can successfully work together for the betterment of communities and the environment.